This baseline study was carried out in June 2010 in partnership with University of Greenwich Natural Resource Institute, Uk. Similar studies were carried out in Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi under Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The study was conducted in two regions: Volta and Brong Ahafo Regions. A total of 540 households in 36 communities in 18 Political Districts were studied. Within the 540 households, 556 farmers were interviewed and 193 gari processors were also interviewed.
In the Volta Region, over 95% of the population speaks Ewe and in Brong Ahafo Akan, Brong and Guan are widely spoken. Houses with mud walls and thatch roofs are more in the Brong Ahafo (20.8%) than in the Volta Region (13%) but Volta Region has more mud houses with corrugated iron sheets (70.8%) than in the Brong Ahafo (24%). In the Communities studied in the Volta Region there were only two Primary Health Centers as against five in the Brong Ahafo. Brong Ahafo also had 13 Drug Stores in five communities. In both regions, borehole is the main source of water in the communities and almost each community had one borehole on average. Mobile Phone Services are available in all the communities and there are more Churches than any other social facility in both regions. On average a farmer in the Volta Region has 1.4Ha but in the Brong Ahafo the average is 3.11Ha. On average a farmer in Volta Region produces 13 tonnes of cassava annually of which 3.8% is consumed and in the Brong Ahafo 18.78 tonnes is produced on average by a farmer and 9.4% is consumed.